What Type of Chemical is Methyl Bromide?
Methyl bromide, also known as bromomethane, is an invisible, non-flammable, odorless gas used for many different industrial applications. The toxic chemical is commonly recognized as an invisible odorless gas, although when pressurized, the gas becomes a liquid. At very high levels of exposure, methyl bromide contains a sweet vapor. See health hazards below.
Industrial Applications and Usage
Methyl bromide is heavily used as a fumigant to kill insects and crops that are being stored or transported, to fumigate soil before planting and to fumigate buildings.
Brief to high levels of exposure to methyl bromide gas can create problematic health issues. The most common health hazards associated with methyl bromide include effects on the nervous system, nausea, weakness, seizures, headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, loss of coordination and vomiting. High exposures include human poisoning, which can result in death. Exposure to liquid form can cause severe, blistering burns.
Methyl Bromide Regulations in the United States
The toxic chemical is regulated as a pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) as well as a hazardous substance under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
Methyl Bromide Storage Ventilation Precautions
Store methyl bromide cylinders separate from oxygen and other oxidizers for chemicals to remain stable. Eliminate methyl bromide inventory from all sources of ignition including direct sunlight or heat. Climate controlled storage buildings are advised in order to maintain temperatures from exceeding 125°F.
It is advised that chemical storage buildings that house methyl bromide utilize explosion proof accessories; including explosion proof relief panels, electrical equipment and gas detectors. Methyl bromide storage ventilation is a very important process when storing methyl bromide in a chemical storage building. See below for proper methyl bromide storage ventilation guidelines.
Safe Methyl Bromide Storage Ventilation Practices
Methyl bromide storage ventilation is designed to eliminate toxic fumes while storing and handling dangerous chemicals. Mechanical ventilation is highly recommended when storing methyl bromide in order to rid toxic fumes from internal storage environments. Proper ventilation practices can prevent hazardous accidents that could potentially be fatal.
Contact US Chemical Storage to learn more about methyl bromide storage ventilation practices and how to store hazardous chemicals compliantly.
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