U.S. Chemical Storage Offers Lithium Ion Battery Storage Buildings
Since their introduction in 1991, lithium ion (Li-Ion) batteries remain popular among small and large corporations alike, due to their long lifespans and lightweight designs. Today we use them as the main power source for smartphones, laptops, tablets, military drones, and even electric cars. However, if lithium batteries are not stored properly, they can be extremely dangerous. In this article, we’ll offer some suggestions on how to store lithium batteries.
Tips for Lithium Ion Battery Storage
Temperature is vital for understanding how to store lithium batteries. The recommended storage temperature for most is 59° F (15° C). But that’s not the case across the board, so before storing lithium batteries, thoroughly read labels on proper storage for your specific battery type. Lithium battery storage buildings with climate control are ideal for storing bulk-quantities of Li-Ion batteries at specific temperatures to ensure a safe storage environment.
Also, be aware of the state of charge while storing. Always keep lead acid at a full charge during storage. Nickel and lithium-ion batteries should be stored at around 40% state of charge.
If improper storage occurs, lithium ion batteries might become unstable. This may cause excessive heat to damage it internally and potentially catch on fire. Store cells with a charge between 30% and 50%. The cells can be stored fully discharged, although the cell voltage should not drop below 2.0 for optimal safety. The maximum voltage should not exceed 4.1 volts.
Always follow the charging instructions provided with each Li-Ion battery.
How to Store Lithium Ion Batteries: Maintenance and Handling Precautions
Monitor battery charge status while charging
Ensure temperature controls are set to specified temperatures
Observe run time with a fully-charged battery
Ensure batteries self-discharge
Check batteries before placing them in storage for irregularities in charge status
Avoid exposing Li-Ion batteries to excessive vibration
Do not keep batteries in high or low temperatures
Always handle batteries with caution
Place batteries in storage after the building reaches compliant temperature levels
Do not use damaged batteries
In case of contact with fluid do not rub eyes. Immediately flush eyes at an eyewash station
Wash hands after handling batteries
In the event of contact on clothing, change clothing immediately
How to Store Lithium Ion Batteries with a U.S. Chemical Storage Building